IST1 regulates select recycling pathways

Amy K. Clippinger, Teresa V. Naismith, Wonjin Yoo, Silvia Jansen, David J. Kast, Phyllis I. Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

ESCRTs (Endosomal Sorting Complex Required for Transports) are a modular set of protein complexes with membrane remodeling activities that include the formation and release of intraluminal vesicles (ILVs) to generate multivesicular endosomes. While most of the 12 ESCRT-III proteins are known to play roles in ILV formation, IST1 has been associated with a wider range of endosomal remodeling events. Here, we extend previous studies of IST1 function in endosomal trafficking and confirm that IST1, along with its binding partner CHMP1B, contributes to scission of early endosomal carriers. Functionally, depleting IST1 impaired delivery of transferrin receptor from early/sorting endosomes to the endocytic recycling compartment and instead increased its rapid recycling to the plasma membrane via peripheral endosomes enriched in the clathrin adaptor AP-1. IST1 is also important for export of mannose 6-phosphate receptor from early/sorting endosomes. Examination of IST1 binding partners on endosomes revealed that IST1 interacts with the MIT domain-containing sorting nexin SNX15, a protein previously reported to regulate endosomal recycling. Our kinetic and spatial analyses establish that SNX15 and IST1 occupy a clathrin-containing subdomain on the endosomal perimeter distinct from those previously implicated in cargo retrieval or degradation. Using live-cell microscopy, we see that SNX15 and CHMP1B alternately recruit IST1 to this subdomain or the base of endosomal tubules. These findings indicate that IST1 contributes to a subset of recycling pathways from the early/sorting endosome.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12921
JournalTraffic
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • AP-1
  • clathrin
  • endosomal sorting complex required for transport
  • sorting nexin
  • transferrin receptor

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