Isotypic variation of novel immunoglobulin-like transcript/killer cell inhibitory receptor loci in the leukocyte receptor complex

Michaela Torkar, Zoë Norgate, Marco Colonna, John Trowsdale, Michael J. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

The leukocyte receptor complex (LRC) on human chromosome 19q13.4 encompasses at least four families of related genes: immunoglobulin-like transcripts (ILT), killer cell inhibitory receptors (KIR), the leukocyte-associated inhibitory receptors (LAIR) and the Fcα receptor (FcαR). We determined the genomic organization of a region of DNA spanning the junction of the ILT and KIR gene complexes. Extensive sequence data were collected for ILT3, two novel genes, ILT9 and ILT10, and one novel KIR locus (KIRCI). These loci, along with other reported sequences from the region, encoded a leader sequence split into two exons, upstream of two to four immunoglobulin (Ig) domains, each on a separate exon. Downstream of the Ig domains, however, the organization differs markedly between inhibitory and activating ILT. These data are consistent with a highly conserved gene arrangement for all superfamily members suggesting duplication of primordial sequences. ILT3 and KIRCI were in the same head-to-tail orientation as has been described for other KIR loci which may facilitate addition or loss of genes between different haplotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3959-3967
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

Keywords

  • Gene structure
  • Immunoglobulin-like transcript
  • KIR
  • NK cell

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