Isolation and characterization of the inositol cyclic phosphate products of phosphoinositide cleavage by phospholipase C. Metabolism in cell-free extracts

T. M. Connolly, D. B. Wilson, T. E. Bross, P. W. Majerus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phosphoinositides are metabolized by phospholipase C in response to hormone or agonist stimulation in many cell types to produce diglyceride and watersoluble inositol phosphates. We have recently shown that the phospholipase C reaction products include cyclic phosphate esters of inositol. One of these, inositol 1, 2-cyclic 4,5-triphosphate, is active in promoting Ca2+ mobilization in platelets and in inducing changes in conductance in Limulus photoreceptors similar to those produced by light. In the current study, we have examined the metabolism of the inositol phosphates. We find that both cyclic and non-cyclic inositol triphosphates are metabolized by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate 5-phosphomonoesterase, to inositol 1,2-cyclic bisphosphate and inositol 1,4-bisphosphate, respectively. However, the apparent K(m) of the enzyme for the cyclic substrate is approximately 10-fold higher than for the non-cyclic substrate. These inositol bisphosphates are more slowly degraded to inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate and inositol 1-phosphate, respectively. Inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate is then hydrolyzed to inositol 1-phosphate, which in turn is degraded to inositol and inorganic phosphate by inositol 1-phosphate phosphatase. The human platelet inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate hydrolase enzyme and a similar rat kidney hydrolase do not utilize the cyclic polyphosphate esters of inositol as substrates. These results suggest that the inositol cyclic phosphates and the non-cyclic inositol phosphates are metabolized separately by phosphatases to cyclic and non-cyclic inositol monophosphates. The cyclic monophosphate is then converted to inositol 1-phosphate by a cyclic hydrolase. We suggest that the enzymes that metabolize the inositol phosphates may serve to regulate cellular responses to these compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-126
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986

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