Ischemia reperfusion injury provokes adverse left ventricular remodeling in dysferlin-deficient hearts through a pathway that involves TIRAP dependent signaling

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Abstract

Cardiac myocytes have multiple cell autonomous mechanisms that facilitate stabilization and repair of damaged sarcolemmal membranes following myocardial injury. Dysferlin is a protein which facilitates membrane repair by promoting membrane resealing. Although prior studies have shown that dysferlin-deficient (Dysf−/−) mouse hearts have an impaired recovery from acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury ex vivo, the role of dysferlin in mediating the recovery from myocardial injury in vivo is unknown. Here we show that Dysf−/− mice develop adverse LV remodeling following I/R injury secondary to the collateral damage from sustained myocardial inflammation within the infarct zone. Backcrossing Dysf−/− mice with mice lacking signaling through the Toll-Interleukin 1 Receptor Domain-Containing Adaptor Protein (Tirap−/−), attenuated inflammation and abrogated adverse LV remodeling following I/R injury. Subsequent studies using Poloxamer 188 (P188), a membrane resealing reagent, demonstrated that P188 did not attenuate inflammation nor prevent adverse LV remodeling in Dysf−/− mice following I/R injury. Viewed together these studies reveal a previously unappreciated role for the importance of membrane sealing and the resolution of inflammation following myocardial injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14129
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

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