Ischemic acute renal failure involves not only the kidney but also extrarenal organs such as the bone marrow that produces inflammatory cells. By ELISA and RNase protection assays, we now show that renal ischemia-reperfusion increases serum concentrations of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) protein and increases both G-CSF mRNA and protein in the ischemic kidney. In situ hybridization localized the increased G-CSF mRNA to tubule cells, including medullary thick ascending limb cells (mTAL), in the outer medulla. We also show that mTAL produce G-CSF protein and increase G-CSF mRNA after stimulation by reactive oxygen species in vitro. The production of G-CSF by the kidney after ischemia-reperfusion provides a means of communication from the injured kidney to the bone marrow. This supports the known inflammatory response to ischemia.
- Acute renal failure
- Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
- Medullary thick ascending limb tubules
- Reactive oxygen species