The present studies have examined the effects of ionizing radiation on control of the early growth response 1 (EGR1) gene. Exposure of human HL-525 cells to x-rays was associated with increases in EGR1 mRNA levels. Nuclear run-on assays showed that this effect is related at least in part to activation of EGR1 gene transcription. Sequences responsive to ionizing radiation-induced signals were determined by deletion analysis of the EGR1 promoter. The results demonstrate that x-ray inducibility of the EGR1 gene is conferred by a region containing six serum response or CC(A+T-rich)6GG (CArG) motifs. Further analysis confirmed that the region encompassing the three distal or upstream CArG elements is functional in the x-ray response. Moreover, this region conferred x-ray inducibility to a minimal thymidine kinase gene promoter. Taken together, these results indicate that ionizing radiation induces EGR1 transcription through CArG elements.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1992|
- early growth response
- serum response element