Involvement of Iba1 in membrane ruffling and phagocytosis of macrophages/microglia

K. Ohsawa, Y. Imai, H. Kanazawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Kohsaka

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316 Scopus citations


Ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1, Ibal, is an EF hand calcium binding protein whose expression is restricted to macrophages/microglia. In this study, Ibal was shown to colocalize with F-actin in membrane ruffles induced by macrophage colony-stimulating factor and in phagocytic cups formed during zymosan phagocytosis. Expression of mutant Ibal carrying either N- or C-terminal deletions or carrying a substitution in the calcium binding domain, suppressed the membrane ruffling and the phagocytosis. These results indicate that Ibal is a key molecule in membrane ruffling and the phagocytosis of macrophages/microglia. Furthermore, Ibal colocalized with a small GTPase Rac in the membrane ruffles and the phagocytic cups. The Ibal mutants also suppressed membrane ruffling induced by dominant active Rac1V12, but do not affect microspikes by Cdc42V12 and stress fibers by RhoAV14. These observations suggest that Ibal is involved in Rac and calcium signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3073-3084
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of cell science
Issue number17
StatePublished - 2000


  • Actin
  • Iba1
  • Membrane ruffling
  • Phagocytosis
  • Rac


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