Investigation of protein-DNA interactions in enhancer II and core promoter of HBV by in vivo footprinting

Xin Tai Zhao, Zhong Sheng You, Ping Cheng, Yuan Wang

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2 Scopus citations


The protein-DNA interactions in the enhancer II ( EN II ) and core promoter regions of hepatitis B virus (HBV) were investigated by the ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction (LMPCR) in vivo footprinting in HepG2.2.15 cell line. Major footprints are evident at the enhancer II and core promoter regions. In particular, proteins appear to interact with the sites for Spl, C/EBP, HNF4, HNF3, HNF1 and hBlF, as well as the TATA-like element. It confirmed that these protein-DNA interactions defined in vitro play important roles in the regulation of 3.5 kb RNAs transcription of HBV in vivo. Notably, three novel sites nt 1774-1789, nt 1801-1818 and nt 1835-1843 were found to be protected or hypersensitive, indicating that they were also involved in protein-DNA interactions in vivo. Functional analysis using CAT reporter gene demonstrated that the site from nt 1801 to 1818 was important for the function of HBV core promoter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-493
Number of pages5
JournalActa Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1999


  • CAT assay
  • Core promoter
  • Enhancer II (EN II )
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • LMPCR in vivo footprinting


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