OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors which affect the development of COPD. METHODS: 88 patients with mPAP less than 20 mm Hg were followed up by 5 - 20 years. Pulmonary ventilation, blood gas analysis, ECG, pulmonary hemodynamic parameters and oxygen saturation at night were performed one time every 5 years. RESULTS: The results showed that: 5 year, 10 year and 20 year's mortality is 6%, 25% and 43% respectively; MVV%, FEV(1)% and PaO(2) declined accompanied by the increase of PaCO(2); among 41 patients with mPAP 16 - 20 mm Hg, 20 patients' mPAP were more than 20 mm Hg and 15 patients died after 10 years' follow up. Among 16 patients with the declination of oxygen saturation, 8 patients' mPAP were more than 20 mm Hg and 6 patients died. 57 strains of infectious bacteria were found in 88 patients' sputum with 43 strains in the death group. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that COPD is a kind of chronic diseases with high death rate; infection, decline of oxygen saturation at night and mPAP more than 16 mm Hg were high risk factors in COPD.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Zhonghua jie he he hu xi za zhi = Zhonghua jiehe he huxi zazhi = Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases|
|State||Published - Feb 1999|