Investigating the mechanisms underlying the effects of an incidental choice on motor learning

Kirk F. Grand, Marcos Daou, Keith R. Lohse, Matthew W. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study investigated whether motivation and augmented feedback processing explain the effect of an incidental choice on motor learning, and examined whether motivation and feedback processing generally predict learning. Accordingly, participants were assigned to one of two groups, choice or yoked, then asked to practice a nondominant arm beanbag toss. The choice group was allowed to choose the color of the beanbag with which they made the toss, whereas the yoked group was not. Motor learning was determined by delayedposttest accuracy and precision. Motivation and augmented feedback processing were indexed via the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory and electroencephalography, respectively. We predicted the choice group would exhibit greater motor learning, motivation, and augmented feedback processing, and that the latter two variables would predict learning. Results showed that an incidental choice failed to enhance motor learning, motivation, or augmented feedback processing. In addition, neither motivation nor augmented feedback processing predicted motor learning. However, motivation and augmented feedback processing were correlated, with both factors predicting changes in practice performance. Thus, results suggest the effect of incidental choices on motor learning may be tenuous, and indicate motivation and augmented feedback processing may be more closely linked to changes in practice performance than motor learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-226
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Motor Learning and Development
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Augmented feedback processing
  • Autonomy
  • Electroencephalography
  • Motivation
  • Reward-positivity

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