Investigating the co-occurrence of self-mutilation and suicide attempts among opioid-dependent individuals

Elizabeth Maloney, Louisa Degenhardt, Shane Darke, Elliot C. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prevalence and risk factors associated with self-mutilation among opioid dependent cases and controls were determined, and the co-occurrence of selfmutilation and attempted suicide was examined. The prevalence of self-mutilation among cases and controls did not differ significantly (25% vs. 23%, respectively), with gender differences identified among cases only. A number of risk factors were found to be associated with self-mutilation, including borderline personality disorder, alcohol dependence, childhood sexual abuse, and multiple suicide attempts. Not only is self-mutilation a clinically significant problem, but when combined with a history of attempted suicide, the psychological dysfunction observed is markedly high.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-62
Number of pages13
JournalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

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