Introducing MASC: A movie for the assessment of social cognition

Isabel Dziobek, Stefan Fleck, Elke Kalbe, Kimberley Rogers, Jason Hassenstab, Matthias Brand, Josef Kessler, Jan K. Woike, Oliver T. Wolf, Antonio Convit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

485 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study we introduce a sensitive video-based test for the evaluation of subtle mindreading difficulties: the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC). This new mindreading tool involves watching a short film and answering questions referring to the actors' mental states. A group of adults with Asperger syndrome (n = 19) and well-matched control subjects (n = 20) were administered the MASC and three other mindreading tools as part of a broader neuropsychological testing session. Compared to control subjects, Asperger individuals exhibited marked and selective difficulties in social cognition. A Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis for the mindreading tests identified the MASC as discriminating the diagnostic groups most accurately. Issues pertaining to the multidimensionality of the social cognition construct are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-636
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of autism and developmental disorders
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Asperger syndrome
  • Emotion recognition
  • Mindreading
  • Naturalistic test formats
  • Theory of Mind

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