Intratumoral metabolic heterogeneity of cervical cancer

Elizabeth A. Kidd, Perry W. Grigsby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


Purpose: Previous research has shown that the intertumoral maximum standardized uptake value (SUVMAX) of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)- positron emission tomography (PET) for cervical cancer predicts disease outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pretreatment intratumoral metabolic heterogeneity of FDG. Experimental Design: This is a prospective cohort study of 72 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages Ibl to IVa cervical cancer treated with chemoradiation. Three-dimensional FDG-PET threshold tumor volumes were calculated using image segmentation and an adaptive thresholding method for the primary cervix tumor from the pretreatment FDG-PET/computerized tomography. Intratumor heterogeneity was obtained for each patient's cervical tumor by taking the derivative (dV/dT) of the volume-threshold function from 40% to 80%. The association between intratumoral heterogeneity and tumor specific factors and patient outcomes were determined. Results: The mean cervix tumor SUVMAX was 12.4 (range, 3.0-38.4). The mean differential tumorheterogeneity was -1.074 (range, - 0.107 to -5.623).There was no association between dV/dT and SUVMAX (R 2 = 0.069), but there was a relationship with dV/dT and tumor volume (R2 = 0.881). There was no correlation of dV/dT with tumor histology (P = 0.4905). Heterogeneity was significantly associated with the risk of lymph node metastasis at diagnosis (P = 0.0009), tumor response to radiation as evaluated by FDG-PET obtained 3 months after completing treatment (P = 0.0207), risk of pelvic recurrence (P = 0.0017), and progression-free survival (P = 0.03). Conclusions: Cervical intratumoral FDG metabolic heterogeneity on the pretreatment FDG-PET predicts risk of lymph node involvement at diagnosis, response to therapy, and risk of pelvic recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5236-5241
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008


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