Intraoperative Pancreatic Neck Margin Assessment During Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma in the Era of Neoadjuvant Therapy: A Multi-institutional Analysis from the Central Pancreatic Consortium

Kristin N. Kelly, Francisco I. Macedo, Max Seaton, Gregory Wilson, Chet Hammill, Robert C. Martin, Ugwuji N. Maduekwe, Hong J. Kim, Shishir K. Maithel, Daniel E. Abbott, Syed A. Ahmad, David A. Kooby, Nipun B. Merchant, Jashodeep Datta

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Abstract

Background: Data regarding the survival impact of converting frozen-section (FS):R1 pancreatic neck margins to permanent section (PS):R0 by additional resection (i.e., converted-R0) during upfront pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are conflicting. The impact of neoadjuvant therapy on this practice and its relationship with overall survival (OS) is incompletely understood. Methods: We reviewed PDAC patients (80% borderline resectable/locally advanced [BR/LA]) undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy after neoadjuvant therapy at seven, academic, high-volume centers (2010–2018). Multivariable models examined the association of PS:R0, PS:R1, and converted-R0 margins with OS. Results: Of 272 patients receiving at least 2 (median 4) cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (71% mFOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel) and undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy with intraoperative frozen-section assessment of the transected pancreatic neck margin, PS:R0 (n = 220, 80.9%) was observed in a majority of patients; 18 patients (6.6%) had converted-R0 margins following additional resection, whereas 34 patients (12.5%) had persistently positive PS:R1 margins. At a median follow-up of 42 months, PS:R0 resection was associated with improved OS compared with either converted-R0 or PS:R1 resection (median 25 vs. 14 vs. 16 months, respectively; p = 0.023), with no survival difference between the converted-R0 and PS:R1 groups (p = 0.9). On Cox regression, SMA margin positivity (hazard ratio 2.2, p = 0.012), but not neck margin positivity (hazard ratio 1.2, p = 0.65), was associated with worse OS. Conclusions: In this multi-institutional cohort of predominantly BR/LA PDAC patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy following modern neoadjuvant therapy, pursuing a negative neck margin intraoperatively if the initial margin is positive does not appear to be associated with improved survival.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

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