Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) technology and its use in both adult and pediatric neurosurgery have advanced significantly over the past 2 decades, allowing neurosurgeons to account for brain shift and optimize resection of brain lesions. Combining the risks of the MR environment with those of the operating room creates a challenging, zero-tolerance environment for the anesthesiologist. This article provides an overview of the currently available iMRI systems, the neurosurgical evidence supporting iMRI use, and the anesthetic and safety considerations for iMRI procedures.
- Intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging
- MRI safety
- Pediatric anesthesiology