Intraoperative corticosteroids in acoustic tumor surgery

Craig A. Buchman, Michael J. Fucci, William H. Slattery, Derald E. Brackmann, Karen I. Berliner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Corticosteroids are frequently used for the prevention and treatment of neural edema. Although perioperative steroid therapy has been used in patients undergoing acoustic neuroma removal, the efficacy of such therapy has not been previously documented. Methods: A retrospective review of 169 patients who underwent acoustic neuroma surgery with (n = 75) or without (n =94) a single dose of intraoperative corticosteroids was performed. Tumor size ranged from 0.4 cm to 6 cm (mean, 2.1; SD, 1.0). The translabyrinthine approach was used in 85% of the patients, and the middle cranial fossa approach was used in 13%. Data were analyzed for differences in postoperative facial function and complication rates. Results: After controlling for differences in tumor size, no significant effects of steroid therapy were found for any of the out come variables. Conclusions: This retrospective study showed no apparent benefit from intraoperative steroid use in acoustic neuroma surgery A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial should be performed to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-389
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Otology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 1999


  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Facial nerve outcomes
  • Steroids


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