Intraoperative Cochlear Nerve Monitoring for Vestibular Schwannoma Resection and Simultaneous Cochlear Implantation in Neurofibromatosis Type 2: A Case Series

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) often results in profound hearing loss and cochlear implantation is an emerging hearing rehabilitation option. However, cochlear implant (CI) outcomes in this population vary, and intraoperative monitoring to predict cochlear nerve viability and subsequent outcomes is not well-established. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of intraoperative electrically evoked cochlear nerve monitoring in patients with NF2 simultaneous translabyrinthine (TL) vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection and cochlear implantation. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 3 patients with NF2 that underwent simultaneous TL VS resection and cochlear implantation with electrical auditory brainstem response (eABR) measured throughout tumor resection. Patient demographics, preoperative assessments, surgical procedures, and outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: Patients 1 and 3 had a reliable eABR throughout tumor removal. Patient 2 had eABR pretumor removal, but post-tumor removal eABR presence could not be reliably determined because of electrical artifact interference. All patients achieved auditory percepts upon CI activation. Patients 1 and 2 experienced a decline in CI performance after 1 yr and after 3 mo, respectively. Patient 3 continues to perform well at 9 mo. Patients 2 and 3 are daily users of their CI. CONCLUSION: Cochlear implantation is attainable in cases of NF2-associated VS resection. Intraoperative eABR may facilitate cochlear nerve preservation during tumor removal, though more data and long-term outcomes are needed to refine eABR methodology and predictive value for this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-331
Number of pages8
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • Auditory nerve test system
  • Case series
  • Cochlear implant
  • Intraoperative monitoring
  • Neurofibromatosis type 2
  • Vestibular schwannoma
  • eABR

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