Cerebral autoregulation impairment is a critical aspect of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-induced secondary brain injury and is also shown to be an independent predictor of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and poor neurologic outcomes. Interestingly, intraoperative hemodynamic and ventilatory parameters were shown to influence patient outcomes after SAH. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association of intraoperative hypotension and hypocapnia with the occurrence of angiographic vasospasm, DCI, and neurologic outcomes at discharge. Intraoperative data were collected for 390 patients with aneurysmal SAH who underwent general anesthesia for aneurysm clipping or coiling between January 2010 and May 2018. We measured the mean intraoperative blood pressure and end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), as well as the area under the curve (AUC) for the burden of hypotension: SBP below 100 or MBP below 65 and hypocapnia (ETCO2 < 30), during the intraoperative period. The outcome measures were angiographic vasospasm, DCI, and the neurologic outcomes at discharge as measured by the modified Rankin scale score (an mRS of 0–2 is a good outcome, and 3–6 is a poor outcome). Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate whether blood pressure (BP) and ETCO2 variables were independently associated with outcome measures. Out of 390 patients, 132 (34%) developed moderate-to-severe vasospasm, 114 (29%) developed DCI, and 46% (169) had good neurologic outcomes at discharge. None of the measured intraoperative BP and ETCO2 variables were associated with angiographic vasospasm, DCI, or poor neurologic outcomes. Our study did not identify an independent association between the degree of intraoperative hypotension or hypocapnia in relation to angiographic vasospasm, DCI, or the neurologic outcomes at discharge in SAH patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5488
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 2023


  • cerebral vasospasm
  • delayed cerebral ischemia
  • end-tidal carbon dioxide
  • intraoperative blood pressure
  • neurologic outcomes
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage


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