Argon laser trabeculoplasty was performed in one eye of 57 phakic patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. The eyes received a mean of 78 ± 7 treatments over 360° to the anterior trabecular meshwork. The power was titrated to produce blanching without bubble formation. Increased intraocular pressure (range +1 to +22 mmHg) occurred in 30 of the 57 (53%) eyes 1 hour after treatment. Eight (14%) of these eyes had a clinically significant elevation defined by all of three criteria: (1) an intraocular pressure>30 mmHg, (2) greater than a 30% increase over the mean prelaser intraocular pressure, and (3) greater than a 10 mmHg increase over the peak prelaser diurnal intraocular pressure curve. These eight patients received either oral glycerine or acetazolamide. A rebound increase in intraocular pressure requiring repeat medical treatment occurred in four of the eight eyes. Two additional eyes without a pressure elevation 1 hour after treatment showed a later elevation. This was first detected 4 hours postoperatively in one eye and 7 hours after treatment in another eye. The 1-hour postoperative measurement detected most patients with clinically significant increased intraocular pressure (8 of 10 eyes) but these required continued observation for rebound increases. Patients with advanced glaucomatous visual field loss should also be followed closely to detect late increases in intraocular pressure (2 of 10 eyes).
- argon laser trabeculoplasty
- intraocular pressure increase
- primary open-angle glaucoma