Previous studies have demonstrated that myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) mobilizes Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of digitonin-permeabilized islets and that an increase in intracellular free Ca2+ stimulates insulin release. Furthermore, glucose stimulates arachidonic acid metabolism in islets. In digitonin-permeabilized islets, exogenous arachidonic acid at concentrations between 1.25 to 10 μM elicited significant Ca2+ release from the ER at a free Ca2+ concentration of 0.1 μM. Arachidonic acid-induced Ca2+ release was not due to metabolites of arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid induced a rapid release of Ca2+ within 2 min. Comparison of arachidonic acid-induced Ca2+ release with IP3-induced Ca2+ release revealed a similar molar potency of arachidonic acid and IP3. The combination of both arachidonic acid and IP3 resulted in a greater effect on Ca2+ mobilization from the ER than either compound alone. The mass of endogenous arachidonic acid released by islets incubated with 28 mM glucose was measured by mass spectrometric methods and was found to be sufficient to achieve arachidonic acid concentrations equal to or exceeding those required to induce release of Ca2+ sequestered in the ER. These observations indicate that glucose-induced arachidonic acid release could participate in glucose-induced Ca2+ mobilization and insulin secretion by pancreatic islets, possibly in cooperation with IP3.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|