Intra-procedural Bronchoscopy to Prevent Bronchial Compression During Pulmonary Artery Stent Angioplasty

Michael L. O’Byrne, Nita Rome, Ramiro W.Lizano Santamaria, Anna Hallbergson, Andrew C. Glatz, Yoav Dori, Matthew J. Gillespie, Samuel Goldfarb, Andrew R. Haas, Jonathan J. Rome

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14 Scopus citations


Stenosis of the pulmonary arteries frequently occurs during staged palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants, often necessitating stent angioplasty. A complication of stent angioplasty is compression of the ipsilateral mainstem bronchus. Following such a case, we re-evaluated our approach to PA stent angioplasty in these patients. The incident case is described. A retrospective observational study of children and adults with superior (SCPC) and/or total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) undergoing left pulmonary artery (LPA) stent angioplasty between January 1, 2005 and January 5, 2014 and subsequent chest CT was performed to assess the incidence of bronchial compression. The current strategy of employing bronchoscopy to assess bronchial compression during angioplasty is described with short-term results. Sixty-five children and adults underwent LPA stent angioplasty. Other than the incident case, none had symptomatic bronchial compression. Of the total study population, 12 % had subsequent CT, of which one subject had moderate bronchial compression. To date, seven subjects have undergone angioplasty of LPA stenosis and bronchoscopy. In one case, stent angioplasty was not performed because of baseline bronchial compression, exacerbated during angioplasty. In the rest of cases, mild-moderate compression was seen during angioplasty. Following stent angioplasty, the resultant compression was not worse than that seen on test angioplasty. Bronchial compression is a rare complication of stent angioplasty of the pulmonary arteries in children and adults with SCPC/TCPC. Angioplasty of the region of interest with procedural bronchoscopy can help to identify patients at risk of this complication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-441
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Airway
  • Bronchus
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Fontan
  • Stents


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