Intestinal phosphate transport and alkaline phosphatase activity in the chick

S. J. Birge, R. C. Avioli

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27 Scopus citations


The initial rates of phosphate accumulation by isolated chick intestinal epithelial cells have been examined. At high concentrations of phosphate (1.5 mM), phosphate uptake is relatively independent of sodium and demonstrates a pH optimum of 8.0. At pH 8.0, 56% of the uptake is dependent on the presence of Ca in the uptake medium compared to 28% at pH 6.8. Membranes prepared from these same intestinal epithelial cells contain a Ca-dependent phosphatase than can be distinguished from the more abundant Mg-dependent alkaline phosphatase. The Ca-dependent phosphatase has a pH optimum between 8.5 and 9.0 and, compared to the Mg-dependent activity, is more readily inactivated at 58°C and is relatively resistant to L-phenylalanine inhibition but more sensitive to ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP). Both activities are distributed in a constant proportion between the brush border and basal lateral membranes and at various segments along the intestine. Vtiamin D in vivo and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in vitro stimulated both activities. In vitro, utilizing the isolated intestinal cells, the stimulation of phosphate uptake paralleled the increase in Ca-dependent alkaline phosphatase activity. The role of alkaline phosphatase in intestinal phosphate transport is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-390
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981


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