Intestinal calcium transport: The role of sodium

Stanley J. Birge, Helen R. Gilbert, Louis V. Avioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The role of sodium in intestinal calcium transport was investigated in everted rat intestine. Ethacrynic acid, but not ouabain, inhibited calcium transport. However, ouabain did inhibit net water transport and, therefore, sodium transport, establishing the dissociation of the two transport processes. In addition to a magnesium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (activated by sodium and potassium), a phosphatase dependent on sodium and calcium was localized to the lateral and basal membrane fractions of the mucosal cell. Activity of the latter phosphatase, similar to calcium transport in intact tissue, was inhibited by ethacrynic acid and not by ouabain. Sodium, therefore, may participate in the calcium transport process by activating an enzyme complex, dependent on adenosine triphosphate, that mediates calcium transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-170
Number of pages3
Issue number4031
StatePublished - 1972


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