Interstitial telomere-like repeats in the monocot family Araceae

Aretuza Sousa, Susanne S. Renner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Combining molecular cytogenetics and phylogenetic modelling of chromosome number change can shed light on the types of evolutionary changes that may explain the haploid numbers observed today. Applied to the monocot family Araceae, with chromosome numbers of 2n=8 to 2n=160, this type of approach has suggested that descending dysploidy has played a larger role than polyploidy in the evolution of the current chromosome numbers. To test this, we carried out molecular cytogenetic analyses in 14 species from 11 genera, using probes for telomere repeats, 5S rDNA and 45S rDNA and a plastid phylogenetic tree covering the 118 genera of the family, many with multiple species. We obtained new chromosome counts for six species, modelled chromosome number evolution using all available counts for the family and carried out fluorescence in situ hybridization with three probes (5S rDNA, 45S rDNA and Arabidopsis-like telomeres) on 14 species with 2n=14 to 2n=60. The ancestral state reconstruction provides support for a large role of descending dysploidy in Araceae, and interstitial telomere repeats (ITRs) were detected in Anthurium leuconerum, A.wendlingeri and Spathyphyllum tenerum, all with 2n=30. The number of ITR signals in Anthurium (up to 12) is the highest so far reported in angiosperms, and the large repeats located in the pericentromeric regions of A.wendlingeri are of a type previously reported only from the gymnosperms Cycas and Pinus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-26
Number of pages12
JournalBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • 5S and 45S rDNA
  • Ancestral trait reconstruction
  • Araceae, gymnosperms
  • Bayesian and maximum-likelihood inference
  • Dysploidy
  • FISH
  • Interstitial telomeric signals


Dive into the research topics of 'Interstitial telomere-like repeats in the monocot family Araceae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this