Internal osmotic pressure as a mechanism of retinal attachment in a vitreous substitute

William J. Foster, Hyder A. Aliyar, Paul Hamilton, Nathan Ravi

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20 Scopus citations


In this study, the possibility of using the internal osmotic pressure of intraocular polymeric hydrogel materials to attach the retina in the repair of a retinal tear or hole was investigated. This is in contrast to the conventional methods of retinal detachment repair (intraocular gas, polydimethylsiloxane, or n-perfluorooctane), which rely on surface tension and have recognized limits. The system selected for implementation of this scheme was based on an acrylamide copolymer that was crosslinked in an aqueous solution to provide a transparent hydrogel which allowed control of the swelling pressure. Synthetic hydrogels, such as those selected here, provide an alternative to materials currently used as vitreous prostheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-235
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006


  • Hydrogel
  • Macular holes
  • Osmotic pressure
  • Retinal detachment
  • Retinal detachments
  • Retinal tamponade
  • Retinal tears
  • Vitreous hemorrhage
  • Vitreous prothesis
  • Vitreous substitute


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