Intermediate dose cidofovir does not cause additive nephrotoxicity in BK virus allograft nephropathy

Carlos E. Araya, Judy F. Lew, Robert S. Fennell, Richard E. Neiberger, Vikas R. Dharnidharka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

BKVAN has emerged as a major morbidity in kidney transplant recipients. Among treatment options is cidofovir, which can be nephrotoxic. We previously reported that intermediate dose cidofovir could be used without significant nephrotoxicity. We present extended results of the same treatment protocol in a larger cohort and with longer follow up. Diagnosis of BKVAN was based on detection of BK viral DNA from plasma and renal allograft biopsy tissue. All patients received cidofovir (0.25-1 mg/kg/dose) every 2-3 wk. Total number of cidofovir doses ranged from 1 to 18 (mean 8). This report includes eight patients, aged 5-21 yr, treated with intermediate dose cidofovir. Median follow-up was 11 months (range 4-32). Mean fall in reciprocal of serum creatinine (1/sCr) from baseline at BKVAN diagnosis was 64% (range 28-120%). A time-series plot of plasma BK virus PCR and 1/sCr showed marked reduction in viral loads without significant deterioration in 1/sCr from the initial value at BKVAN diagnosis. In this larger series with extended follow up, intermediate dose cidofovir without probenecid for the treatment of BKVAN continues to show stabilization of renal function without progression to renal failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-795
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric transplantation
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

Keywords

  • BK virus
  • Cidofovir
  • Kidney transplant
  • Nephrotoxicity
  • Pediatrics

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