Activated T-lymphocytes secrete interleukin-4 (IL-4), which has been shown to modulate a variety of monocyte activities requiring monocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF). To account for this interaction, we postulated that IL-4 acts on target cells by altering the expression of the M-CSF receptor (M-CSF(r)). To test this hypothesis, murine bone marrow macrophages were cultured under conditions that down-regulate M-CSF(r) and the effect of IL-4 on the reexpression of the receptor measured by binding of 125I-labeled M-CSF to the cells. The data show that incubation with IL-4 results in a dose-dependent, 2-3x increase in M-CSF(r) with no change in binding affinity and a maximal effect on binding at about 12 h. This increase in M-CSF(r) is dependent upon new, specific protein synthesis as shown by the inhibitory action of cycloheximide, and gel analysis of radiolabeled, specific protein, immunoprecipitated with anti-M-CSF(r) antibody. Treatment with IL-4 does not stimulate M-CSF(r) mRNA expression but, consistent with enhanced receptor levels, does result in a heightened proliferative response to M-CSF. Thus, IL-4 affects M-CSF treated monocytic cells, at least in part, by altering the expression of M-CSF(r).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-92
Number of pages8
JournalLymphokine and Cytokine Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994


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