Although interleukin (IL) 2-responsive T cell lines provide an opportunity to study the cellular effects of this lymphokine on homogeneous T lymphocyte populations, T cell clones which proliferate in response to IL-1 alone have not been available. We have isolated from cultures of the nontransformed murine T helper cell line, D10.G4.1, a variant (MD10 cells) which proliferates (no lectin or antigen needed) in response to IL-1 alone. The MD10 cells are markedly sensitive to either murine or human recombinant IL-α (HrIL-1α) with half-maximal responses observed at monokine concentrations as low as 0.4 x 10-12 M or 0.8 U/ml, respectively. MD10 cells show the maximal IL-1 effect at 72 hr where the response exceeds the base line by 100-fold (approximately 3,000 → 300,000 cpm of [3H]thymidine). Whereas both HrIL-2 and purified murine B cell-stimulatory factor 1 (MpBSF-1) induce MD10 proliferation, the maximal response to either is much lower (HrIL-2: 50x base line; MpBSF-1: < 20x base line) than to IL-1. Conditioned media from control, concanavalin A-, or IL-1-treated MD10 cells fail to stimulate CTLL or HT-2 cell proliferation alone or inhibit CTLL mitogenesis in the presence of added HrIL-2. Furthermore, monoclonal antibodies to BSF-1 fail to inhibit IL-1-stimulated MD10 replication, and neither HT-2 nor CTLL cells proliferate despite direct cell-to-cell contact with IL-1-treated MD10 cells. When combined, IL-1 (10-13, 10-12 M) and IL-2 (10-13 to 10-10 M) act synergistically in their MD10 cell growth-promoting effects. MD10 proliferation induced by either IL-1 or IL-2 is relatively resistant to cyclosporine A, with the ID50 of cyclosporine for both IL-1- and IL-2-exposed MD10 cells (ID50 5000 ng/ml) exceeding that for concanavalin A-activated splenocytes (ID50 20 ng/ml) by 2 to 3 orders of magnitude. Finally, MD10 cells bear the L3T4 antigen, IL-2-receptors, and the same clonotypic antigen receptor as the parent clone as recognized by monoclonal antibody 3D3. These data suggest that, in respect to this particular T cell line, IL-1 is directly growth-promoting or, alternatively, induces the production of undetectable, intermediate growth factor(s) resistant to inhibition by cyclosporine A.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|