Objective: To evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of INO-3107, a DNA immunotherapy designed to elicit targeted T-cell responses against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11, in adult patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP; NCT04398433). Methods: Eligible patients required ≥2 surgical interventions for RRP in the year preceding dosing. INO-3107 was administered by intramuscular (IM) injection followed by electroporation (EP) on weeks 0, 3, 6, and 9. Patients underwent surgical debulking within 14 days prior to first dose, with office laryngoscopy and staging at screening and weeks 6, 11, 26, and 52. Primary endpoint was safety and tolerability, as assessed by treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Secondary endpoints included frequency of surgical interventions post-INO-3107 and cellular immune responses. Results: An initial cohort of 21 patients was enrolled between October 2020 and August 2021. Fifteen (71.4%) patients had ≥1 TEAE; 11 (52.4%) were Grade 1, and 3 (14.3%) were Grade 3 (none treatment related). The most frequently reported TEAE was injection site or procedural pain (n = 8; 38.1%). Sixteen (76.2%) patients had fewer surgical interventions in the year following INO-3107 administration, with a median decrease of 3 interventions versus the preceding year. The RRP severity score, modified by Pransky, showed improvement from baseline to week 52. INO-3107 induced durable cellular responses against HPV-6 and HPV-11, with an increase in activated CD4 and CD8 T cells and CD8 cells with lytic potential. Conclusion: The data suggest that INO-3107 administered by IM/EP is tolerable and immunogenic and provides clinical benefit to adults with RRP. Level of Evidence: 3 Laryngoscope, 133:3087–3093, 2023.
- DNA immunotherapy
- recurrent respiratory papillomatosis