Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) are proteins that modulate cytokine responses in lymphoid cells. In these studies, cultured primary mouse astrocytes expressed SOCS-3 mRNA constitutively. Treatment with interferon-gamma (IFN-g) induced SOCS-1 and enhanced SOCS-3 expression, and was associated with decreased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and increased leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in culture supernatants. Treatment with conditioned medium from myelin basic protein-stimulated encephalitogenic lymphoid cells (MBP-CM) increased SOCS-3 and induced SOCS-1 expression. The effects were largely due to IFN-g in MBP-CM, as anti-IFN-g antibody diminished induction. These findings suggest a role for IFN-g-induced SOCS expression in regulation of CNS inflammatory responses by astrocytes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroimmunology|
|State||Published - Jun 2004|
- Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
- Immune regulation
- Interferon gamma
- Suppressors of cytokine signaling