Interferon-γ-dependent modulation of C3b receptors (CR1) on human peripheral blood monocytes

I. Esparza, R. I. Fox, R. D. Schreiber

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35 Scopus citations


Cell surface expression of the C3b receptor (CR1) was transiently down regulated on purified human monocytes exposed to purified recombinant human interferon-γ (rIFN-γ). Receptors were quantitated by using CR1-specific monoclonal antibody by radioimmunoassay or flow cytometry and by rosette analysis with the use of C3b-coated bovine erythrocytes. The reduction of CR1 was dependent on the dose of IFN-γ used and the time of cellular exposure. Down-regulation was transient, with maximum loss occurring after 2 to 3 days of stimulation with IFN-γ. However, after 6 days CR1 was re-expressed at the plasma membrane. This effect was observed with monocytes isolated by either centrifugal elutriation or adherence on fibronectin-coated dishes. IFN-γ-dependent diminution of CR1 occurred concomitant with increased expression of Fc receptors and HLA-DQ antigen and unaltered expression of the C3bi receptor (CR3). The mechanism of CR1 loss from the monocyte cell surface was not due to internalization total cellular levels of CR1 (plasma membrane and intracellular pool) also decreased in response to IFN-γ. These results indicate that IFN-γ may be involved in regulating CR1 on mononuclear phagocyte surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1360-1365
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1986


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