Interfacing peripheral nerve with macro-sieve electrodes following spinal cord injury

Nathan K. Birenbaum, Matthew R. Macewan, Wilson Z. Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macro-sieve electrodes were implanted in the sciatic nerve of five adult male Lewis rats following spinal cord injury to assess the ability of the macro-sieve electrode to interface regenerated peripheral nerve fibers post-spinal cord injury. Each spinal cord injury was performed via right lateral hemisection of the cord at the T9-10 site. Five months post-implantation, the ability of the macro-sieve electrode to interface the regenerated nerve was assessed by stimulating through the macro-sieve electrode and recording both electromyography signals and evoked muscle force from distal musculature. Electromyography measurements were recorded from the tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius muscles, while evoked muscle force measurements were recorded from the tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, and gastrocnemius muscles. The macro-sieve electrode and regenerated sciatic nerve were then explanted for histological evaluation. Successful sciatic nerve regeneration across the macro-sieve electrode interface following spinal cord injury was seen in all five animals. Recorded electromyography signals and muscle force recordings obtained through macro-sieve electrode stimulation confirm the ability of the macro-sieve electrode to successfully recruit distal musculature in this injury model. Taken together, these results demonstrate the macro-sieve electrode as a viable interface for peripheral nerve stimulation in the context of spinal cord injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-909
Number of pages4
JournalNeural Regeneration Research
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Electromyography
  • Muscle force
  • Nerve regeneration
  • Peripheral nerve interface
  • Regenerative electrode
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Spinal cord lateral hemisection

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