Surfactant Protein D (SP-D) plays important roles in antimicrobial host defense, inflammatory and immune regulation, and pulmonary surfactant homeostasis. The best-characterized endogenous ligand is phosphatidylinositol; however, this lipid interaction at least in part involves the carbohydrate moiety. In this study we observed that SP-D binds specifically to saturated, unsaturated, and hydroxylated fatty acids (FA). Binding of biotinylated-SP-D to FAs or biotinylated FA to SP-D was dose-dependent, saturable, and specifically competed by the corresponding unlabeled probe. Specific binding to FA chains was also demonstrated by solution phase competition for FA binding to acrylodan-labeled FA binding protein (ADIFAB), and by overlay of thin layer chromatograms with SP-D. Maximal binding to FA was dependent on calcium, and binding was localized to the neck and carbohydrate recognition domains (CRD) using recombinant trimeric neck+CRDs. Saccharide ligands showed complex, dose-dependent effects on FA binding, and FAs showed dose- and physical state-dependent effects on the binding of SP-D to mannan. In addition, CD spectroscopy suggested alterations in SP-D structure associated with binding to monomeric FA. Together, the findings indicate specific binding of FA to one or more sites in the CRD. We speculate that the binding of SP-D to the fatty acyl chains of surfactant lipids, microbial ligands, or other complex lipids contributes to the diverse biological functions of SP-D in vivo.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2003|