Interactions of Calcium/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CaMK) and Extracellular-Regulated Kinase (ERK) in monocyte adherence and TNFα production

Matthew R. Rosengart, Saman Arbabi, Iris Garcia, Ronald V. Maier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


The circulating monocyte possesses a markedly different functional phenotype relative to the macrophage (Mφ). The adhesive interactions encountered by the monocyte, en route to the inflammatory focus, generate signals that culminate in the expression of a pro-inflammatory Mφ phenotype, marked by enhanced cytokine production. Previously, we demonstrated that calcium and calmodulin are essential for maximal Mφ activation and, in particular, TNFα production. These effects are likely to be mediated through signal transduction kinases that require the calcium/calmodulin complex. Here, we investigated the effect of adherence on calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) II and IV activation of the extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 cascade and on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNFα production by human monocytes. Adherence activated ERK 1/2 and led to an 8-fold potentiation in LPS-induced TNFα production over similarly stimulated non-adherent cells. Inhibition of CaMK II prior to adherence prevented ERK 1/2 activation and attenuated by up to 40%, the TNFα response to subsequent LPS stimulation. CaMK II inhibition after adherence, however, failed to modify cytokine release. Inhibition of CaMK IV, both after adherence and in non-adherent monocytes, significantly inhibited LPS-induced ERK 1/2 activation and abrogated TNFα production by up to 75%. These data suggest that the function of CaMK II in TNFα production by adherent monocytes occurs during adhesion, is mediated in part by activation of ERK 1/2, and appears to "prime" the monocyte for enhanced cytokine production. CaMK IV, through activation of ERK 1/2, appears to have a direct role in the LPS signal transduction for TNFα production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2000


  • Autocamtide
  • Cytokine
  • Inflammation
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase
  • Priming


Dive into the research topics of 'Interactions of Calcium/Calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CaMK) and Extracellular-Regulated Kinase (ERK) in monocyte adherence and TNFα production'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this