Interactions between Weight Loss and Plasma Neurodegenerative Markers for Determining Cognitive Decline among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

for the MAPT/DSA Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the interaction between weight loss (WL) and plasma amyloid-β42/40 (Aβ42/40), neurofilament light chain (NfL), progranulin, and their association with cognitive decline over time among older adults. This 5-year observational approach included 470 participants from the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial, mean age 76.8 years (SD = 4.5), 59.4% women. WL was defined as ≥5% decrease over the first year. Biomarkers were measured at 12 months. Cognitive function was assessed yearly from 12 months onward by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); Clinical Dementia Rating sum of boxes (CDR-SB); a composite score based on Category Naming Test; Digit Symbol Substitution Test; 10 MMSE orientation items (MMSEO) and free and total recall of the Free and Cued Selective Reminding test; and these tests individually. Twenty-seven participants (5.7%) presented WL. In adjusted analyses, combined WL + lower Aβ42/40 (≤0.103, lowest quartile) was related with more pronounced 4-year cognitive decline according to CDR-SB (p <. 0001) and MMSEO (p =. 021), compared with non-WL + higher Aβ42/40. WL + higher NfL (>94.55 pg/mL, highest quartile) or progranulin (>38.4 ng/mL, 3 higher quartiles) were related with higher cognitive decline according to CDR-SB, MMSE, MMSEO, and composite score (all p <. 03), compared with non-WL + lower NfL or higher progranulin. Regrouping progranulin quartiles (Q1-Q3 vs Q4) revealed higher cognitive decline among the WL + lower progranulin group compared with non-WL + lower progranulin. In conclusion, 1-year WL was associated with subsequent higher 4-year cognitive decline among older adults presenting low Aβ42/40 or high NfL. Future studies combining plasma biomarker assessments and body weight surveillance may be useful for identifying people at risk of cognitive impairment. Clinical trial number: NCT00672685.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1159-1168
Number of pages10
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • Amyloid-β
  • Cognition
  • Neurofilament light chain
  • Progranulin

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