Hepatic parenchymal cells contribute to the clearance of circulating tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in vivo. The hepatocyte extracellular matrix is interposed between the endothelial-lined sinusoids and the parenchymal cell surface and thus may influence t-PA clearance. To test this hypothesis, the well differentiated human hepatoma cell line HepG2 was used to characterize the role of extracellular matrix in t-PA clearance in vitro. Previous studies with these cells demonstrated their capacity for specific catabolism of t-PA in a system modulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). In the present study the extracellular matrix growth substratum of HepG2 cells is shown to contain active PAI-1. PAI-1 is distributed in a punctate pattern throughout the substratum. Components of the substratum confer stability to active PAI-1 for intervals of at least 24 h. Exposing substratum to 125I-t-PA leads rapidly to the formation and release of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable 95-kDa 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complex. In comparison, cell monolayers have the additional capacity for specific binding of the complex. However, PAI-1 is not detected at the surface of HepG2 cells in suspension, suggesting that 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complexes form in substratum and subsequently bind to cells. Specific binding of preformed 125I-t-PA·PAI-1, but not 125I-t-PA, was demonstrated for HepG2 cells in suspension. These results suggest that components of extracellular matrix participate in the clearance of t-PA by hepatocytes.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|