Interactions between tissue-type plasminogen activator and extracellular matrix-associated plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2

D. A. Owensby, P. A. Morton, A. L. Schwartz

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Abstract

Hepatic parenchymal cells contribute to the clearance of circulating tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in vivo. The hepatocyte extracellular matrix is interposed between the endothelial-lined sinusoids and the parenchymal cell surface and thus may influence t-PA clearance. To test this hypothesis, the well differentiated human hepatoma cell line HepG2 was used to characterize the role of extracellular matrix in t-PA clearance in vitro. Previous studies with these cells demonstrated their capacity for specific catabolism of t-PA in a system modulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). In the present study the extracellular matrix growth substratum of HepG2 cells is shown to contain active PAI-1. PAI-1 is distributed in a punctate pattern throughout the substratum. Components of the substratum confer stability to active PAI-1 for intervals of at least 24 h. Exposing substratum to 125I-t-PA leads rapidly to the formation and release of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable 95-kDa 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complex. In comparison, cell monolayers have the additional capacity for specific binding of the complex. However, PAI-1 is not detected at the surface of HepG2 cells in suspension, suggesting that 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complexes form in substratum and subsequently bind to cells. Specific binding of preformed 125I-t-PA·PAI-1, but not 125I-t-PA, was demonstrated for HepG2 cells in suspension. These results suggest that components of extracellular matrix participate in the clearance of t-PA by hepatocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18180-18187
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number30
StatePublished - 1989

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