Macrophages are present in most somatic tissues, where they detect and attack invading pathogens. Macrophages also participate in many nonimmune functions, particularly those related to tissue maintenance and injury response. The sensory organs of the inner ear contain resident populations ofmacrophages, and additionalmacrophages enter the ear after acoustic trauma or ototoxicity. As expected, such macrophages participate in the clearance of cellular debris. However, otic macrophages can also influence the long-term survival of both hair cells and afferent neurons after injury. The signals that recruit macrophages into the injured ear, as well as the precise contributions of macrophages to inner ear pathology, remain to be determined.