Interaction of Antidepressant Drugs with Lipid Bilayers Studied by High-Resolution Carbon-13 (13C-) and High-Power Deuterium Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (2H-NMR) Spectroscopy: The Manner of Binding as Deduced from the Differential Line-Broadening of 13C-NMR Signals

Ryoko Tabeta, sudha Mahajan, Hazime Saito, Mitsuaki Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The manner of binding of imipramine (IMIP) and amitriptyline (AM) as well as chlorpromazine (CPZ) to single- or multi-bilayers of egg phosphatidylcholine (PC) was analyzed by carbon-13 (13C-) and deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance (2H-NMR) methods. For this purpose, we first tried to assign or re-assign the aromatic 13C chemical shifts by the selective proton-decoupling method. We observed that the i3C-NMR signals from a specific portion of the aromatic moiety of IMIP and AM are differently broadened as a result of binding to single bilayers of egg PC. In contrast, the signals of all carbons adjacent to protons in the aromatic moiety of CPZ were completely suppressed in the presence of egg PC. The observation of such differential line-broadening for IMIP and AM was interpreted in terms of the presence of anisotropic diffusion at the tricyclic moiety incorporated into the bilayers. However, drugs tightly bound to lipids such as CPZ cannot afford signals showing such differential line-broadening because of the slowed molecular motion in the bilayers. The extent of binding to lipids as viewed from the characteristic change of the 13C-NMR signals is in parallel with that determined from binding experiments by centrifugation and equilibrium dialysis. The reason why the 13C-NMR signals of IMIP and AM are visible even in the presence of lipid bilayers is considered to be the larger proportion of these drugs involved in fast exchange between lipids and the aqueous phase, on the basis of the observation of a major central peak in the 2H-NMR spectra of [2,4,6,8-2H4]IMIP in the presence of multibilayers of egg PC. Nevertheless, there appears to be some portion of IMIP which penetrates deeply into the hydrophobic portion of egg PC and has a slow exchange rate compared with the inverse of the quadrupole splitting (16 kHz).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1793-1807
Number of pages15
JournalChemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • C-NMR
  • H-NMR
  • antidepressant drug
  • differential linebroadening
  • lipid bilayer

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Interaction of Antidepressant Drugs with Lipid Bilayers Studied by High-Resolution Carbon-13 (13C-) and High-Power Deuterium Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (2H-NMR) Spectroscopy: The Manner of Binding as Deduced from the Differential Line-Broadening of 13C-NMR Signals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this