Objective UCP2 -866G>A (rs659366) has been implicated in cardiometabolic disease and represents a novel candidate gene for ß-blocker response, particularly among patients with diabetes. We assessed the function of -8660>A and Its role as a modifier of ß-blocker treatment outcomes by diabetes status in an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) cohort Methods ACS patients with genetic samples and 12 months of follow-up for cardiac rehospitalizations or death (n=468) were assessed. The influence of -8660>A on ß-blocker treatment outcomes was evaluated in those with diabetes and without. To assess functional correlates of -866G>A, we compared uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) expression in the skeletal muscle of obese participants by genotype and compared the activity of UCP2 luciferase promoters with -866G and -866A alleles. Results An interaction between -866G>A and β-blocker treatment was found in individuals with diabetes (P= 0.002) but not those without (P=0.79). Among G/G individuals with diabetes, discharge ß-blocker use was associated with an 80% reduction in cardiac rehospitalization (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.20; 95% confidence interval: 0.04-1.02). In contrast, among A-carrier patients with diabetes, there was an 11 -fold increase in cardiac rehospitalizations with discharge ß-blocker therapy (adjusted hazard ratio: 11.75; 95% confidence interval: 1.28-108.2). Promoter activity assays showed that -866G had greater cyclic AMP response element binding protein-responsiveness compared with -866A, and compared with -866A carriers G/G individuals exhibited increased UCP2 expression in the skeletal muscle. Conclusion We identified a significant interaction between -866G>A and ß-blocker response among ACS patients with diabetes. Furthermore, -866G conferred greater gene transcriptional activity than -866A in cell lines and in obese patients. These findings may help us gain insight into the mechanisms underlying the beneficial and detrimental effects of ß-blockers in those with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacogenetics and Genomics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010


  • Acute coronary syndromes
  • Gene-environment interaction
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Type 2 diabetes


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