Interaction between exercise and food restriction: Effects on longevity of male rats

J. O. Holloszy, K. B. Schechtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Male rats that exercise in running wheels have a longer average survival than freely eating sedentary controls but, in contrast to food-restricted sedentary controls of the same weight, show no extension of maximal life span (J. Appl. Physiol. 59: 826-831, 1985). To test the possibility that exercise may counteract a life-extending effect of decreased availability of energy for certain biological processes such as cell proliferation, we examined the combined effects of exercise and food restriction on longevity of male rats. As before, wheel running improved average length of life, 978 ± 172 vs. 875 ± 175 (SD) days, for the sedentary controls (P < 0.01) without increasing maximal life span. Paired-weight controls, food restricted (~30% below ad libitum) to weigh the same as the runners, showed increases in both average (1,056 ± 144 days) and maximal life span. Food-restricted runners, with intake restricted to the same extent (~30%), had an increased mortality rate over the first ~50% of their survival curve up to ~900 days of age; their average life span (995 ± 226) was similar to that of the control group of runners and shorter than that of their paired-weight food-restricted sedentary controls (1,088 ± 159 days, P < 0.05). However, after ~900 days of age the food-restricted runners' survival became similar to that of the food-restricted sedentary groups, with a comparable increase in maximal life span. Thus the exercise did not counteract the increase in maximal life span induced by food restriction. These findings suggest that the increase in maximal life span induced by food restriction is not mediated by decreased availability of energy for biological processes such as growth, cell proliferation, and fat deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1535
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • aging
  • food intake
  • life span
  • survival curves
  • voluntary wheel running

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Interaction between exercise and food restriction: Effects on longevity of male rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this