Inter-scanner super-resolution of 3D cine MRI using a transfer-learning network for MRgRT

Young Hun Yoon, Jaehee Chun, Kendall Kiser, Shanti Marasini, Austen Curcuru, H. Michael Gach, Jin Sung Kim, Taeho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective. Deep-learning networks for super-resolution (SR) reconstruction enhance the spatial-resolution of 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for MR-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT). However, variations between MRI scanners and patients impact the quality of SR for real-time 3D low-resolution (LR) cine MRI. In this study, we present a personalized super-resolution (psSR) network that incorporates transfer-learning to overcome the challenges in inter-scanner SR of 3D cine MRI. Approach: Development of the proposed psSR network comprises two-stages: (1) a cohort-specific SR (csSR) network using clinical patient datasets, and (2) a psSR network using transfer-learning to target datasets. The csSR network was developed by training on breath-hold and respiratory-gated high-resolution (HR) 3D MRIs and their k-space down-sampled LR MRIs from 53 thoracoabdominal patients scanned at 1.5 T. The psSR network was developed through transfer-learning to retrain the csSR network using a single breath-hold HR MRI and a corresponding 3D cine MRI from 5 healthy volunteers scanned at 0.55 T. Image quality was evaluated using the peak-signal-noise-ratio (PSNR) and the structure-similarity-index-measure (SSIM). The clinical feasibility was assessed by liver contouring on the psSR MRI using an auto-segmentation network and quantified using the dice-similarity-coefficient (DSC). Results. Mean PSNR and SSIM values of psSR MRIs were increased by 57.2% (13.8-21.7) and 94.7% (0.38-0.74) compared to cine MRIs, with the reference 0.55 T breath-hold HR MRI. In the contour evaluation, DSC was increased by 15% (0.79-0.91). Average time consumed for transfer-learning was 90 s, psSR was 4.51 ms per volume, and auto-segmentation was 210 ms, respectively. Significance. The proposed psSR reconstruction substantially increased image and segmentation quality of cine MRI in an average of 215 ms across the scanners and patients with less than 2 min of prerequisite transfer-learning. This approach would be effective in overcoming cohort- and scanner-dependency of deep-learning for MRgRT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115038
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 7 2024


  • 3D cine MRI
  • MR-guided radiotherapy
  • auto-segmentation
  • personalized network
  • real-time
  • super-resolution


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