Abstract

Purpose: This study reported long-term outcomes of patients with cervical cancer who were treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy and 3-dimensional (3D) image-guided adapted brachytherapy (IMRT/3D-IGABT) compared with those treated with 2-dimensional (2D) external irradiation and 2D brachytherapy (2D EBRT/BT). Methods and Materials: This study included patients with newly diagnosed cervical cancer and pretreatment fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scans who were treated with curative-intent irradiation from 1997 to 2013. The treatment policy changed from using 2D EBRT/BT to IMRT/3D-IGABT in 2005. Patterns of recurrence, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated. Late gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity were scored with National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. Results: The median follow-up for patients alive at the time of last follow-up in the 2D EBRT/BT group (n = 300) was 15.3 years (range, 10.8-20.5 years). In the IMRT/3D-IGABT group (n = 300), it was 7 years (range, 5-12.4 years). According to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 33% of tumors were stage IB1 to IB2, 41% were stage IIA to IIB, and 26% were stage IIIA to IVA. The results after 5 years for patients treated with 2D EBRT/BT showed that freedom from relapse (FFR) was 57%, CSS was 62%, and OS was 57%. For the IMRT/3D-IGABT group, the 5-year results showed that FFR was 65% (P =.04), CSS was 69% (P =.01), and OS was 61% (P =.04). When stratified by lymph node status according to positron emission tomography scan results, disease control was most improved with IMRT/3D-IGABT versus 2D EBRT/BT in patients with positive pelvic lymph nodes only (P =.02). Cumulatively, 88 of 600 patients (15%) had grade ≥3 late bowel/bladder toxicity. The 2D EBRT/BT group had 55 patients (18%), and the IMRT/3D-IGABT group had 33 patients (11%; P =.02). Conclusions: IMRT/3D-IGABT was associated with improved survival and decreased gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicity in patients with cervical cancer compared with those who received 2D EBRT/BT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1088-1097
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume103
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

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