Intensified and protective CD4+ T cell immunity in mice with anti-dendritic cell HIV gag fusion antibody vaccine

Christine Trumpfheller, Jennifer S. Finke, Carolina B. López, Thomas M. Moran, Bruno Moltedo, Helena Soares, Yaoxing Huang, Sarah J. Schlesinger, Gyu Park Chae, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Angela Granelli-Piperno, Ralph M. Steinman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


Current human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine approaches emphasize prime boost strategies comprising multiple doses of DNA vaccine and recombinant viral vectors. We are developing a protein-based approach that directly harnesses principles for generating T cell immunity. Vaccine is delivered to maturing dendritic cells in lymphoid tissue by engineering protein antigen into an antibody to DEC-205, a receptor for antigen presentation. Here we characterize the CD4+ T cell immune response to HIV gag and compare efficacy with other vaccine strategies in a single dose. DEC-205-targeted HIV gag p24 or p41 induces stronger CD4+ T cell immunity relative to high doses of gag protein, HIV gag plasmid DNA, or recombinant adenovirus-gag. High frequencies of interferon (IFN)-γ- and interleukin 2-producing CD4 + T cells are elicited, including double cytokine-producing cells. In addition, the response is broad because the primed mice respond to an array of peptides in different major histocompatibility complex haplotypes. Long-lived T cell memory is observed. After subcutaneous vaccination, CD4+ and IFN-γ-dependent protection develops to a challenge with recombinant vaccinia-gag virus at a mucosal surface, the airway. We suggest that a DEC-targeted vaccine, in part because of an unusually strong and protective CD4+ T cell response, will improve vaccine efficacy as a stand-alone approach or with other modalities. JEM

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-617
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 20 2006


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