Integrative omics analyses broaden treatment targets in human cancer

Sohini Sengupta, Sam Q. Sun, Kuan lin Huang, Clara Oh, Matthew H. Bailey, Rajees Varghese, Matthew A. Wyczalkowski, Jie Ning, Piyush Tripathi, Joshua F. McMichael, Kimberly J. Johnson, Cyriac Kandoth, John Welch, Cynthia Ma, Michael Wendl, Samuel H. Payne, David Fenyö, R Reid Townsend, John Dipersio, Feng ChenLi Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although large-scale, next-generation sequencing (NGS) studies of cancers hold promise for enabling precision oncology, challenges remain in integrating NGS with clinically validated biomarkers. Methods: To overcome such challenges, we utilized the Database of Evidence for Precision Oncology (DEPO) to link druggability to genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic biomarkers. Using a pan-cancer cohort of 6570 tumors, we identified tumors with potentially druggable biomarkers consisting of drug-associated mutations, mRNA expression outliers, and protein/phosphoprotein expression outliers identified by DEPO. Results: Within the pan-cancer cohort of 6570 tumors, we found that 3% are druggable based on FDA-approved drug-mutation interactions in specific cancer types. However, mRNA/phosphoprotein/protein expression outliers and drug repurposing across cancer types suggest potential druggability in up to 16% of tumors. The percentage of potential drug-associated tumors can increase to 48% if we consider preclinical evidence. Further, our analyses showed co-occurring potentially druggable multi-omics alterations in 32% of tumors, indicating a role for individualized combinational therapy, with evidence supporting mTOR/PI3K/ESR1 co-inhibition and BRAF/AKT co-inhibition in 1.6 and 0.8% of tumors, respectively. We experimentally validated a subset of putative druggable mutations in BRAF identified by a protein structure-based computational tool. Finally, analysis of a large-scale drug screening dataset lent further evidence supporting repurposing of drugs across cancer types and the use of expression outliers for inferring druggability. Conclusions: Our results suggest that an integrated analysis platform can nominate multi-omics alterations as biomarkers of druggability and aid ongoing efforts to bring precision oncology to patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number60
JournalGenome medicine
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2018

Keywords

  • Cancer and druggability
  • Cancer genomics
  • Multi-omics
  • Precision medicine
  • Proteogenomics

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    Sengupta, S., Sun, S. Q., Huang, K. L., Oh, C., Bailey, M. H., Varghese, R., Wyczalkowski, M. A., Ning, J., Tripathi, P., McMichael, J. F., Johnson, K. J., Kandoth, C., Welch, J., Ma, C., Wendl, M., Payne, S. H., Fenyö, D., Townsend, R. R., Dipersio, J., ... Ding, L. (2018). Integrative omics analyses broaden treatment targets in human cancer. Genome medicine, 10(1), [60]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13073-018-0564-z