Insulin-like growth factor-1 effects on bovine retinal endothelial cell glucose transport: Role of MAP kinase

Brian J. DeBosch, Baljit K. Deo, Arno K. Kumagai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


In order to maintain normal metabolism, the neuroretina is completely dependent on the constant delivery of glucose across the retinal microvascular endothelial cells comprising the inner blood-retinal barrier. Glucose uptake into these cells is influenced by various stimuli, including hypoxia and growth factors. Recently, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was shown to enhance retinal endothelial glucose transport in a process that is dependent on protein kinase C (PKC) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3 kinase). In the current study, the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) in regulating IGF-1 effects on retinal endothelial cell glucose transport was investigated in a bovine retinal endothelial cell (BREC) culture model. IGF-1 (25 ng/mL) caused a rapid increase in MAP-kinase activity and ERK phosphorylation. Inhibition of MAP kinase with PD98059 (100 μm) blocked IGF-1 enhancement of 2-deoxyglucose uptake. In order to clarify the relationship between PKC, PI3 kinase and MAP kinase in IGF-1 signaling in retinal endothelial cells, the effects of selective inhibitors of MAP kinase (PD98059), PKC (GF109203X), and PI3 kinase (wortmannin, LY294002) on signal transduction by IGF-1 were studied. Inhibition of MAP kinase abolished IGF-1 stimulation of PKC but had no effect on PI3 kinase activity, whereas inhibition of either PKC and PI3 kinase had no effect on MAP kinase phosphorylation or activity in IGF-1-treated cells. Taken together, these data demonstrate that IGF-1 stimulation of BREC glucose transport requires activation of MAP kinase and that MAP kinase is upstream from PKC but is independent of PI3 kinase in mediating the actions of IGF-1 on retinal endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-734
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002


  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • GLUT1
  • Glucose transport
  • Inner blood-retinal barrier
  • Insulin-like growth factor
  • Retinal endothelial cells


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