The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of life (QOL) and functional results of 42 patients undergoing primary (60%) and 23 patients undergoing redo (40%) transthoracic paraesophageal hernia repairs. All patients had a floppy Nissen or Belsey anti-reflux repair with or without a Collis gastroplasty. Morbidity occurred in 12% of patients and was similar between groups (P=1.0). Overall QOL scores were not different between groups. Patients undergoing initial repair were found to have significantly higher QOL scores related to their GERD symptoms (P=0.02). Postoperative GERD symptom scores were not significantly different between groups for heartburn, regurgitation, epigastricychest pain, or cough. Redo patients had more bloating (P=0.02) and dysphagia (P=0.04). Overall, total GERD scores were higher in the redo group compared to the initial group indicating worse GERD-related dysfunction in the redo group (15.8±3.8 vs. 6.3±1.6, P=0.03). Functional and QOL analysis of transthoracic paraesophageal hernia repairs indicates that redo procedures are associated with a higher incidence of specific gastrointestinal symptoms and worse GERD-related QOL when compared to initial procedures. These differences, while statistically significant, have limited clinical relevance as the overall QOL was not different between groups and low GERD symptom scores were found in both groups.
- Paraesophageal hernia repair
- Quality of life