Institutional Enrollment and Survival among NSCLC Patients Receiving Chemoradiation: NRG Oncology Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0617

Bree R. Eaton, Stephanie L. Pugh, Jeffrey D. Bradley, Greg Masters, Vivek S. Kavadi, Samir Narayan, Lucien Nedzi, Cliff Robinson, Raymond B. Wynn, Christopher Koprowski, Douglas W. Johnson, Joanne Meng, Walter J. Curran

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76 Scopus citations


Background: The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the effect of institutional accrual volume on clinical outcomes among patients receiving chemoradiation for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) on a phase III trial. Methods: Patients with LA-NSCLC were randomly assigned to 60 Gy or 74 Gy radiotherapy (RT) with concurrent carboplatin/paclitaxel +/- cetuximab on NRG Oncology RTOG 0617. Participating institutions were categorized as low-volume centers (LVCs) or high-volume centers (HVCs) according to the number of patients accrued (≤3 vs > 3). All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: Range of accrual for LVCs (n = 195) vs HVCs (n = 300) was 1 to 3 vs 4 to 18 patients. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two cohorts. Treatment at a HVC was associated with statistically significantly longer overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared with treatment at a LVC (median OS = 26.2 vs 19.8 months; HR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.56 to 0.88, P =. 002; median PFS: 11.4 vs 9.7 months, HR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.65-0.99, P =. 04). Patients treated at HVCs were more often treated with intensity-modulated RT (54.0% vs 39.5%, P =. 002), had a lower esophageal dose (mean = 26.1 vs 28.0 Gy, P =. 03), and had a lower heart dose (median = V5 Gy 38.2% vs 54.1%, P =. 006; V50 Gy 3.6% vs 7.3%, P <. 001). Grade 5 adverse events (AEs) (5.3% vs 9.2%, P =. 09) and RT termination because of AEs (1.3% vs 4.1%, P =. 07) were less common among patients treated at HVCs. HVC remained independently associated with longer OS (P =. 03) when accounting for other factors. Conclusion: Treatment at institutions with higher clinical trial accrual volume is associated with longer OS among patients with LA-NSCLC participating in a phase III trial.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdjw034
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


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