Inpatient outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: analysis of a nationally representative sample

Mohammad Aldiabat, Saqr Alsakarneh, Tyrell Daniel, Muhammad Ali Butt, Balaji Jagdish, James Rock, Aarushi Sudan, Majd Al-Ahmad, Ahmad Jabri, Yassine Kilani, Tarek Odah, Laith Alhuneafat, Mir Zulqarnain, Jana G. Hashash, Hassan Ghoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To compare the risks of adverse outcomes, including mortality, gastrointestinal bleeding, and venous thromboembolism, between COVID-19 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and those without IBD. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample between January and December 2020. The study included adult patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) who contracted COVID-19. Inpatient outcomes were compared between the IBD and non-IBD COVID-19 cohorts. Results: Out of 1,050,045 COVID-19 hospitalizations, 0.28% had CD (2954 patients) and 0.26% had UC (2794 patients). After adjusting for confounding factors, UC patients had a significantly higher risk of deep vein thrombosis compared to non-IBD patients, with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 2.55 (P < 0.001). However, CD patients did not show a significant association with deep vein thrombosis (aOR 1.29, P = 0.329). There were no significant associations between IBD patients (both UC and CD) and pulmonary embolism, nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding, or in-hospital mortality. UC patients had a longer average hospital stay (8.25 days) compared to non-IBD patients (adjusted mean difference 0.89, P = 0.007). Healthcare resource utilization was similar among the three groups. Conclusion: Our national study on COVID-19 hospitalizations indicates that patients with IBD have comparable rates of gastrointestinal bleeding, pulmonary embolism, and mortality as those without IBD. However, patients with UC hospitalized with COVID-19 have a higher risk of deep vein thrombosis than COVID-19 patients hospitalized without UC. Further research is needed to better understand the relationship between COVID-19 and IBD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalBaylor University Medical Center Proceedings
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2024


  • COVID-19
  • epidemiology
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • outcomes


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