Inositol cyclic phosphates are produced by cleavage of phosphatidylphosphoinositols (polyphosphoinositides) with purified sheep seminal vesicle phospholipase C enzymes

D. B. Wilson, T. E. Bross, W. R. Sherman, R. A. Berger, P. W. Majerus

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Abstract

Previous studies have shown that metabolism of phosphatidylinositol by phospholipase C produces a mixture of two water-soluble products: inositol 1-phosphate and inositol 1,2-(cyclic)phosphate. In the present study, we demonstrate that the water-soluble products of phosphatidylphosphoinositol (polyphosphoinositide) cleavage by purified ram seminal vesicle phospholipase C enzymes also contain cyclic phosphates. Inositol cyclic phosphates were detected by 18O labeling. In the presence of acid, cyclic phosphates are rapidly hydrolyzed to phosphomonoesters, and when the hydrolysis is carried out in H218O, the resultant phosphomonoesters will contain 18O. The 18O content of the phosphomonoesters was measured following alkaline phosphatase treatment and conversion of the inorganic phosphate to a volatile derivative for gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Inositol cyclic phosphates were found in the phospholipase C cleavage products of all three phosphoinositides, but the ratio of cyclic to noncyclic product was found to decrease in the order phosphatidylinositol > phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate > phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. The formation of myo-inositol 1,2(cyclic)-4-bisphosphate was further substantiated by anion-exchange HPLC of the water-soluble products of [32P]phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate metabolism by phospholipase C. Two peaks were detected, one of which, on acid treatment, incorporated 18O from H218O into phosphate groups, consistent with this peak containing the cyclic phosphate product. These results suggest that polyphosphoinositide breakdown in stimulated cells may occur via a cyclic phosphate intermediate, as has been described for phosphatidylinositol. These cyclic phosphates contain a reactive bond that may play a role in phosphoinositide-derived signal transduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4013-4017
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume82
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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