BACKGROUND: Treatment of deep-seated subcortical intrinsic brain tumors remains challenging and may be improved with trans-sulcal tubular brain retraction techniques coupled with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI). OBJECTIVE: To conduct a preliminary assessment of feasibility and efficacy of iMRI in tubular retractor-guided resections of intrinsic brain tumors. METHODS: Assessment of this technique and impact upon outcomes were assessed in a preliminary series of brain tumor patients from 2 centers. RESULTS: Ten patients underwent resection with a tubular retractor system and iMRI. Mean age was 53.2 ± 9.0 yr (range: 37-61 yr, 80% male). Lesions included 6 gliomas (3 glioblastomas, 1 recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma, and 2 low-grade gliomas) and 4 brain metastases (1 renal cell, 1 breast, 1 lung, and 1 melanoma). Mean maximal tumor diameter was 2.9 ± 0.95 cm (range 1.2-4.3 cm). The iMRI demonstrated subtotal resection (STR) in 6 of 10 cases (60%); additional resection was performed in 5 of 6 cases (83%), reducing STR rate to 2 of 10 cases (20%), with both having tumor encroaching on eloquent structures. Seven patients (70%) were stable or improved neurologically immediately postoperatively. Three patients (30%) had new postoperative neurological deficits, 2 of which were transient. Average hospital length of stay was 3.4 ± 2.0 d (range: 1-7 d). CONCLUSION: Combining iMRI with tubular brain retraction techniques is feasible and may improve the extent of resection of deep-seated intrinsic brain tumors that are incompletely visualized with the smaller surgical exposure of tubular retractors.
- Brain tumor
- Intraoperative MRI
- Minimally invasive tumor resection
- Tubular retraction